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W = Work

  1. History of manual work - notable NSW occupations include builders, carpenters, labourers, truck drivers and nurses.
  2. Work history includes job dissatisfaction, pattern of frequent job changes, or poor vocational direction.
  3. Belief that work is harmful, that it will do damage or be dangerous.
  4. Unsupportive or unhappy current environment, stress at work, poor relationship with peers or supervisors, subject to disciplinary action.
  5. Low educational background, low socio-economic status.
  6. Job involves significant bio-mechanical demands. For example lifting, manual handling of heavy items, prolonged sitting/standing/driving, vibration, maintenance of constrained or sustained posture, inflexible work schedule preventing appropriate breaks.
  7. Job involves shift work or hours that are unsociable/not family friendly.
  8. Casual work, labour hire.