B = Behaviours

  1. Use of extended rest or disproportionate "downtime".
  2. Reduced activity level with significant withdrawal from activities of daily living, particularly work.
  3. Irregular participation or poor compliance with physical exercise or activity.
  4. Tendency for activities to be in a "boom-bust" or "do too much-pay for it later" cycle.
  5. Avoidance of normal activity and progressive substitution of a lifestyle away from work/productive activities.
  6. Has not returned to work within the usual time frame (outlined in clinical guidelines) for this injury type.
  7. Report of intense pain, that is, above 10 on a 0 to 10 scale.
  8. Excessive reliance on aids or appliances.
  9. Sleep quality reduced since the onset of pain.
  10. High intake of alcohol or other substances, possibly as self-medication, with an increase since the onset of pain.
  11. Smoking.